Mirin is a candy rice wine extensively utilized in Japanese cooking. Be taught what’s mirin used for, the various kinds of mirin, really useful manufacturers, the place to purchase it, substitutions, and extra!

What’s Mirin?

Mirin (みりん, 味醂) or candy rice wine is a candy and syrupy liquid used as a seasoning and glazing agent. Similar to soy sauce, it is likely one of the most essential condiments in Japanese delicacies. Much like sake, mirin can also be a sort of rice wine however with decrease alcohol content material (14% as a substitute of 20%). We use this candy rice wine in just about all the things, from teriyaki salmon to scorching pots to donburi rice bowls.

What Does It Style Like

Mirin provides a fragile sweetness and a pleasant aroma to many Japanese dishes. The sweetness comes from the fermentation course of, the place the rice starch converts into sugar.

What’s Mirin Used for

Mirin tenderizes the components you prepare dinner with and provides a light sweetness to the general taste of the dishes. With a deeper physique and umami, it additionally helps to masks the scent of fish and seafood and helps the flavors to “sink in” to the dish higher.

Due to the sugar and alcohol content material, it additionally retains the components from disintegrating. We regularly pair it with soy sauce and sake to make marinades for meat or seafood dishes.

Lastly, mirin provides luster to components as a final touch, which is why it’s a key ingredient in teriyaki sauce.

Three dishes with Teriyaki Salmon, Teriyaki Chicken, Teriyaki Tofu.

Do-it-yourself Teriyaki Sauce

Completely different Varieties of Mirin

Normally, there are 4 kinds of mirin: hon mirin (“actual” mirin, 本みりん), mirin (みりん), mirin-like condiment (みりん風調味料), and mirin-type condiment (みりんタイプ調味料).

1. Hon-Mirin


Hon mirin (本みりん), often known as true mirin, comprises 14% alcohol and 0% salt. Steamed glutinous rice, rice koji mildew, and shochu (distilled alcoholic beverage) are combined and fermented for about 40 to 60 days. Enzymes in rice koji decompose starch and proteins of glutinous rice and numerous saccharides, amino acids, natural acids, and perfume components are produced to type Mirin.

Hon mirin has extra alcohol; subsequently, you possibly can retailer it in a cool place for as much as 3 months. Should you retailer it within the fridge, sugar could also be crystallized.

Japanese Mirin

In Japanese grocery shops, yow will discover imported hon mirin (a bit dear). Among the common hon mirin might need been imported from Japan to Japanese markets oversea together with Fukuraijun Hon Mirin (image on the left), Hinode Hon Mirin, Kokonoe Sakura, and Mikawa Mirin (image on the proper).

2. Mirin

Takara Mirin | Easy Japanese Recipes at Just One Cookbook.com

The principle distinction between mirin and hon-mirin is the utilization of sake in mirin as a substitute of shochu.

You should buy Takara Mirin which consists of sake (made with rice, water, koji mildew, and yeast), glucose, and corn syrup (No Excessive Fructose Corn Syrup is used).

For many who are searching for mirin with out excessive fructose corn syrup or corn syrup, we advocate Eden Meals Mirin which comprises solely water, rice, koji and sea salt within the ingredient lists.

3. Mirin-style Condiments


Mirin-style condiments (みりんタイプ調味料、みりんタイプ醸造調味料) are cheaper various merchandise that resemble the style of mirin. They’re typically labeled as aji-mirin (candy cooking rice seasoning), which suggests “style like mirin” and include 8-14% alcohol and a pair of% salt. They’re product of starch or glucose syrup, water, alcohol, rice, and salt.

Kikkoman aji-mirin is a well-liked model that yow will discover at many Asian and mainstream grocery shops together with Walmart and Goal.

4. Mirin-like or Mirin-fu Condiment

Mirin-like Condiment

Mirin-like condiment (みりん風調味料) comprises no alcohol or lower than 1% alcohol and fewer than 1% salt. It’s product of starch syrup, rice/cultured rice brewed seasoning, brewed vinegar, acidic parts. The mirin-like condiment is cheaper as a result of it avoids sure alcohol taxes.

It claims to have the identical style as hon mirin and may improve the flavors and texture.

It must be refrigerated after opening and used inside 3 months.

The way to Retailer Mirin

Hon mirin has extra alcohol; subsequently, you possibly can retailer it in a darkish, cool place for as much as 3 months. Should you retailer it within the fridge, sugar could also be crystallized.

Mirin-like condiment has much less alcohol; subsequently, make sure that to retailer within the fridge and used inside 3 months.

Steadily Requested Questions

Q. The place can I purchase mirin?

You should buy mirin from Japanese grocery shops, Korean grocery shops, Asian supermarkets, or on-line. Amazon carries a number of choices:

I personally use mirin from Takara Mirin. Different on-line shops akin to Umami Insider additionally supply imported mirin-type seasoning.

Q: What are a few of the greatest substitutes for mirin?

You possibly can substitute mirin with sake and sugar, though it gained’t be precisely the identical. The ratio of sake and sugar is 3 to 1. For instance, combine ¾ cup  (or 1 Tbsp) of fine high quality consuming sake with ¼ cup (or 1 tsp) granulated sugar.

I don’t advocate utilizing dry white wine or candy marsala wine to switch mirin as they’ve a extra pronounced style and stronger alcohol proportion. You possibly can sub dry white wine when a recipe requires sake, however not mirin. Candy Marsala wine has a touch of grape taste and it’ll overpower the genuine style of Japanese meals.

Q: Any suggestion for halal Substitution for mirin?

For many who can’t eat alcohol of their cooking, you possibly can search for Honteri Mirin by Mizkan which comprises no alcohol.

Or you possibly can substitute mirin with water and sugar.  The ratio of water and sugar ought to be 3 to 1.  For instance, for 1 tbsp water, combine with 1 tsp of granulated sugar. One other various is to combine hen broth with sugar. 

Q: Can I take advantage of rice vinegar as a substitute of mirin?

We don’t advocate substituting rice vinegar or rice wine vinegar with mirin since each have fully totally different traits and makes use of. Rice vinegar has a stronger astringency and it provides acidity to your meals. Whereas mirin has a light sweetness in taste and it ought to add luster and a pleasant glaze to dishes.

The way to Prepare dinner With Mirin & Mirin Recipes

A ceramic plate containing Mirin Salmon along with steamed rice, roasted cauliflower, and sauteed greens.

Use mirin as a key element in sauces, seasonings, marinades, broths, glazes, and so on. It pairs properly with meat, fish and seafood, tofu, greens, and rice dishes. A bit goes a great distance.

Listed below are some common Japanese recipes that function mirin:

Variations Between Sake & Mirin

Sake and Mirin | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com

Sake & mirin are regularly used hand in hand in a recipe for Japanese cooking. Sake comprises larger alcohol and decrease sugar contents, whereas mirin has a larger sugar content material and decrease alcohol content material. Mirin can be utilized untreated in a dish, whereas sake is commonly added earlier within the cooking course of to permit a few of the alcohol to evaporate.

To study extra in regards to the distinction between sake and mirin, click on right here.

Highlight: 6 Should-Have Condiments to Make Your Favourite Japanese Meals

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Listed below are the 6 must-have condiments to start out making your favourite Japanese meals at residence.

Editor’s Word: This submit was initially revealed on January 23, 2012. The submit has been up to date with new content material and republished on April 7, 2022.



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